Joseph Smith on Trial:
People vs. Joseph Smith:
Please follow me into the courtroom and take a seat in the jury box. The trial is about to begin.
Joseph Smith, the founder of Mormonism, stands before the court for the offense of deceiving his followers. The plaintiff’s contention is that Joseph Smith is an imposter; damages caused by his pretensions are enormous. The Mormon prophet understood that people seeking spiritual answers generally have a trusting nature and he took advantage of them.
Clerk to jurors:
Do you solemnly swear that you will carefully hear this case and come to a verdict based upon the evidence presented?
Yes? or No?
Members of the jury are asked to proceed with caution. The defense may try to send you looking in a thousand different directions. It is your responsibility to keep focused. If there appears to be too many shadows and not enough substance in one testimony, then disregard it and move on. The virtues of a good juror are to keep an open mind and to carefully weigh the evidence.
During this trial, using clear and convincing logic it will be proven that many of the defendant’s revelations, claims, and prepared statements, such as the Testimony of Three Witnesses and also the Testimony of Eight Witnesses, contain false and misleading testimony.
There is little tangible evidence available for the court to examine, because the golden plates which the defendant supposedly found, the stone glasses, the breastplate which he said was deposited with the plates, and the sword of Laban which three witnesses were supposed to have seen, are nowhere to be found. The defense offers incredible stories to back up the existence of these items.
Here is one example:
“When Joseph got the plates, the angel instructed him to carry them back to the hill Cumorah, which he did. Oliver says that when Joseph and Oliver went there, the hill opened, and they walked into a cave, in which there was a large and spacious room… They laid the plates on a table; it was a large table that stood in the room. Under this table there was a pile of plates as much as two feet high, and there were altogether in this room more plates than probably many wagon loads; they were piled up in the corners and along the walls.” (Sermon from LDS President Brigham Young, Journal of Discourses 19:38)
Hearsay evidence such as this will generally not be allowed.
Firsthand information from witnesses such as early accounts of events involving the defendant, conversations with him, his scribes, and his associates will be presented; material trusted and documented by LDS sources are given the highest priority. The evidence we examine has been meticulously documented, with notation, and the sources were thoroughly checked to make sure they are valid.
Years before Joseph Smith became famous for supposedly translating a golden record (the Book of Mormon), Smith had gained notoriety for guiding a small group of money-diggers in search of hidden treasure.
The Prophet explained,
“In the month of October, 1825, I hired with an old gentleman by the name of Josiah Stoal… After I went to live with him, he took me, with the rest of his hands, to dig for the silver mine, at which I continued to work for nearly a month, without success in our undertaking, and finally I prevailed with the old gentleman to cease digging after it. Hence arose the very prevalent story of my having been a money-digger.” (History of the Church Vol. 1, 1:56)
His Mother explained,
“… a man by the name of Josiah Stoal, came from Chenango co., New York, with the view of getting Joseph to assist him in digging for a silver mine. He came for Joseph on account of having heard that he possessed certain keys, by which he could discern things invisible to the natural eye.”
It turned out that Stoal’s children were convinced Joseph Smith had cheated their father out of some of his money. The matter was brought to court.
Joseph Smith’s 1826 Glass Looking Trial:
Judge Neeley asked Stoal,
“… do I understand you as swearing before God, under the solemn oath you have taken, that you believe the prisoner [Joseph Smith] can see by the aid of the stone fifty feet below the surface of the earth; as plainly as you can see what is on my table?”
“Do I believe it?’…‘it is not a matter of belief: I positively know it to be true.’”
Thompson testified, “Smith had told the Deacon (Josiah) that very many years before a band of robbers had buried on his flat a box of treasure, and as it was very valuable they had by a sacrifice placed a charm over it to protect it, so that it could not be obtained except by faith, accompanied by certain talismanic influences.” They went, “to the spot designated by Smith. Digging was commenced… the box of treasure was struck by the shovel… but it gradually receded from their grasp…”
Court records from the 1826 Glass Looking Trial demonstrated that some people believed wholeheartedly in Joseph Smith’s skill as a glass looker or stone peeper, while others considered him an imposter. Such would be the case throughout Smith’s lifetime.
It’s worth mentioning that these court testimonies contain many of the same elements as the story of the defendant discovering golden plates:
The golden plates were also:
● discovered in the 1820s
● buried in a box many years earlier
● treasure guarded by a spirit
● not to be obtained until certain requirements were met
● to be obtained in midnight darkness
People are still thinking about the former charges brought against the defendant. Yet, many new charges could be added to the old court docket because Smith didn’t stop looking into his seer stones. He supposedly used stone-peeping to bring forth the Book of Mormon. He supposedly used stone-peeping to bring forth other written works.
Evidence In This Case:
The following is offered into evidence:
● Sections from the Book of Mormon.
● Revelations from the Doctrine and Covenants.
● The History of Joseph Smith written by his mother.
● The official History of the Church.
● Various testimonies and other recorded accounts pertaining to the defendant and this case.
As we examine this evidence let’s keep in mind an admonition from the tenth president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints given to investigators of Mormonism:
“Mormonism, as it is called, must stand or fall on the story of Joseph Smith. He was either a prophet of God, divinely called, properly appointed and commissioned, or he was one of the biggest frauds this world has ever seen. There is no middle ground. … the doctrines of an impostor cannot be made to harmonize in all particulars with divine truth. If his claims and declarations were built upon fraud and deceit, there would appear many errors and contradictions, which would be easy to detect.” (Doctrines of Salvation, Joseph Fielding Smith, 1954, vol. 1, p. 188)
Bringing Forth the Book of Mormon:
● On September 21, 1823, Joseph Smith supposedly experienced his bedroom vision and was told about the golden plates.
● The next day, September 22, 1823, Joseph Smith goes to a nearby hill and finds the plates.
● Four years later, on September 22, 1827, the “angel Moroni” allows Smith to obtain the plates.
● In December of 1827 Joseph’s wife Emma and her brother Reuben start translating an early Book of Mormon manuscript.
● In April of 1828 Martin Harris takes over as scribe.
● In June of 1828 Harris loses the manuscript.
● Then, Joseph Smith receives a revelation that Martin Harris is a wicked man who is out to destroy him.
● The “angel Moroni” supposedly takes the golden plates from Smith and returns them a few months later, on September 22, 1828.
● Joseph Smith does some translating in late 1828 through early 1829.
● In March of 1829 Martin Harris is allowed to repent and eventually becomes one of the Book of Mormon’s Three Witnesses.
● Oliver Cowdery starts as Smith’s scribe on April 7, 1829
● The new Book of Mormon manuscript is finished in June of 1829.
● In March of 1830 Smith receives a revelation: Martin Harris should not covet his property, but impart it to print the Book of Mormon.
● Also in March of 1830 the first edition of the Book of Mormon is published.
If it pleases the court, at this time I would like to introduce a brief rundown of Smith’s interaction with his first principle scribe Martin Harris, and also Martin’s wife Lucy Harris.
You may proceed.
Consider what the early days were like for Joseph Smith. Many had heard of the story he was telling of finding golden plates with ancient writing upon them. The supposed translation of the language on the plates into English started slowly and progressed through difficult times. In the beginning, Joseph’s scribes were his wife Emma and her brother Reuben Hale. Then, Martin Harris, a wealthy farmer, took over.
The Trouble With Lucy Harris:
As Martin Harris was making preparations to leave the farm and become Smith’s scribe for a season, his wife Lucy asked if she could come with him and stay for a week or two. Martin agreed. Together they traveled from their farm in Manchester, New York to Harmony, Pennsylvania where Joseph and Emma Smith were living at Emma’s parent’s house.
However, while in Pennsylvania, Lucy
“…did all that lay in her power to injure Joseph in the estimation of his neighbours— telling them that he was a grand impostor, and, that by his specious pretensions, he had seduced her husband into the belief that he [Joseph Smith] was some great one, merely through a design upon her husband’s property…” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 24)
Things did not work out well between Lucy and the Smiths; she ended up staying with a neighbor. After about two weeks, Martin took her back home.
There, Lucy tried,
“…to dissuade her husband from taking any further part in the publication of the Record; [Book of Mormon] however, Mr. Harris [Martin] paid no attention to her, but returned and continued writing.”
While Lucy was back home in New York,
“…she went from place to place, and from house to house, telling her grievances, and declaring that Joseph Smith was practising (sic) a deception upon the people, which was about to strip her of all that she possessed…” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 24)
What an embarrassing history! The defendant was called a “grand impostor” by none other than his principal scribe’s wife. She also claimed that he was, “practicing a deception upon the people.” In other words, Lucy Harris was telling people that Joseph Smith was a con-man.
A confidence man or con-man is a person who swindles his victims using a confidence game. What the con-man is really selling is an illusion — a dream. The control the con-man has over his victims is in the confidence his victims have in him, and/or, the scheme he has them involved in.
Smith was an illusionist. He had a magic act in which, for a fee, he would gaze into his crystal ball (seer stone) and tell others what he saw. He had used this act before to search for buried treasure. Now, he was using it to translate mysterious ancient script.
Martin Harris was a dreamer. He fell headlong for the tales the defendant told him. He was very excited about bringing forth the golden record, until doubt overcame him.
The Perfect Breeding Ground for Doubt:
Envision what it was like during the time Joseph Smith and Martin Harris were working on the translation,
“Although in the same room, a thick curtain or blanket was suspended between them, and Smith concealed behind the blanket…” (Account of Martin Harris given to the Rev. John A. Clark in 1828)
After two months, Martin needed to take some time off. Before Martin headed home, Joseph’s Mother claimed that he asked her son to permit him to look upon the plates:
“Mr. Harris [Martin] remained with my son and wrote diligently until he had transcribed nearly 116 pages of the record. When it became necessary for him to return home — he began to request Joseph to permit him to look upon the plates for he desired a further witness…“ (Lucy Smith History: First Draft, Biographical Sketches, chapter 25, author paraphrase)
The magical method of translation was the perfect breeding ground for doubt. Martin had just written page after page of supposed divine prose, dictated straight from the “Prophet and Seer of the Lord.” One may have thought the role Martin played in bringing forth the Book of Mormon would have been a faith-building experience; instead, it left him wondering,
“Was Joseph making a fool of him? Was he the classic dupe, to be cheated out of his money and farm when the fraud was complete? Martin wanted more evidence to set his own mind at ease and to quiet the doubters at home.” (Joseph Smith and the beginnings of Mormonism, Richard L. Bushman, p. 90)
There was a long road ahead for Martin. A road paved with uncertainty. He knew that he would be facing strong opposition. He wanted a further witness that he really wasn’t being played for a fool.
When Joseph stood firm, refusing to show Martin the plates, Martin began to nag Smith to at least let him take the manuscript home for Lucy to read. Maybe that would stop her from complaining? Included in Martin’s nagging was a threat to pull back his financial support unless Smith complied. Joseph was persuaded by Martin to hand over the work.
When Martin arrived back on the farm, he found his wife had turned into a cold, hard, unresponsive woman, whose ruined life she blamed on him. Lucy had moved out everything she owned that she could carry. Martin’s bed had been moved into another room which Lucy refused to enter.
In an effort to make peace, Martin brought the manuscript in for Lucy and a few other family members to examine. Afterwards, Lucy and Martin went to visit with friends at the house of one on Lucy’s relatives. Martin ended up going home by himself. Lucy was still away from the farm when a friend of Martin’s came to see him.
Martin wanted to show his friend the manuscript but it was locked away in Lucy’s bureau and only Lucy had the key. In order to show the work, Martin broke into her bureau, damaging it considerably. Upon her return, Lucy became enraged after seeing the damaged bureau. She then stole the manuscript. There were no copies.
Moroni Takes The Plates:
As a consequence of Joseph Smith’s disobedience leading up to the loss of the manuscript, the golden plates and the magical stone glasses were supposedly taken from him by the angel Moroni for a season. According to the story, God had told Smith not to allow Martin Harris to take the manuscript home the first two times he asked. Smith said that he should have been content with the first answers he received from the Lord; and because he wasn’t, Joseph Smith had disobeyed God. Smith claimed that the angel Moroni said he would be given the plates back a few months later, on the 22nd of September, if he walked worthy before God. As far as the story goes, he did walk worthy before God and was given the plates back on September 22nd.
For punishment, one might wonder why Moroni didn’t take away Smith’s seer-stones and his white hat, seeing that those were the instruments his scribes said that he was actually using. Also, It seems a little too convenient that Moroni took away the golden plates right at the time the defendant was under pressure to come up with an identical retranslation from those plates to restore the lost work. Is it possible that Smith was stalling until he could figure a way out of the situation?
On this subject, a well-respected Mormon author said,
“For most readers, the plates are beyond belief, a phantasm, yet the Mormon sources accept them as fact.” (Joseph Smith Rough Stone Rolling, Bushman Richard Lyman, 2005, p.58)
The Lost 116 Pages:
“Mrs. Harris [Lucy] persisted in her endeavors to expose the fraud, and in her husband’s absence took 116 pages of the manuscript and gave them in custody of a neighbour. When charged with it she replied, ‘if this be a divine communication, the same Being who revealed it to you can easily replace it,’ She was convinced they could not possibly write it again word for word … and intended when they had replaced the portion and published it, to have it publicly compared.”
When Mrs. Harris challenged the defendant to replace the stolen work with an exact copy the moment of truth arrived. Joseph Smith, realizing that recreating the lost 116 pages word-for-word would be impossible, made up excuses in an attempt to save his reputation.
His mother explained,
“… there is no doubt but Mrs. Harris took it from the drawer, with the view of retaining it, until another translation should be given, then, to alter the original translation, for the purpose of showing a discrepancy between them, and thus make the whole appear to be a deception.”
The defendant was supposedly,
“… commanded of the Lord … not translate the same over again, for Satan had put it into their hearts to tempt the Lord their God, by altering the words, that they did read contrary from that which I translated and caused to be written; and if I should bring forth the same words again, or, in other words, if I should translate the same over again, they would publish that which they had stolen…”
This is pure doubletalk. The con-game would be over if the truth were found out: that Joseph Smith could not recreate a word-for-word copy. Mrs. Harris’s claim that he was a grand imposter was reinforced when he failed to do so. Statements claiming that the original work had been, or would be altered, were just a smokescreen.
Martin Harris Loses Faith in Joseph Smith:
During this dark hour, Martin’s faith in the defendant took a nosedive, then his seed of doubt sprouted and grew until it came into full bloom. For a period of time, Harris set out to destroy Smith’s reputation.
Again, in an attempt to save his reputation Joseph Smith received a revelation.
God supposedly said,
“Behold, they have sought to destroy you, yea, even the man in whom you have trusted, has sought to destroy you, and for this cause I said, that he is a wicked man, for he has sought to take away the things wherewith you have been entrusted, and he has also sought to destroy your gift; … And behold, Satan has put it into their hearts to alter the words which you have caused to be written, or which you have translated …”
One might wonder why the defendant would now publically accuse his former scribe of a conspiracy to ruin his reputation. Well, at this point in time Joseph Smith may have believed that Harris was a lost cause.
Starting Over With New Plates:
Joseph Smith’s reputation was in jeopardy. His original manuscript had been stolen, and he dare not try to reproduce it. Nothing less than an incredible story was needed to redeem the defendant from his present distress; so, an incredible story was just what he conjured up.
A prophet from the Book of Mormon came to Smith’s rescue. The answers to his troubles were supposedly written in gold. Instead of starting over with the plates of Lehi, Joseph Smith would start translating again with the plates of Nephi.
Objection your honor; how is this relevant?
Without this information key elements in this case would be left unheard.
Objection overruled, you may continue.
Joseph Smith never translated another word from the supposed plates of Lehi — the translation of which Harris lost. Instead, he supposedly replaced the lost pages from the plates of Nephi.
Official LDS statement on the subject:
“Joseph Smith began with the book of Lehi when he was translating the Book of Mormon. It was a record that Mormon had abridged from the plates of Lehi. After he had 116 pages of manuscript that he had translated from this book, Joseph gave the manuscript to Martin Harris, who had briefly served as Joseph’s scribe in the translation of the Book of Mormon. The pages were then lost. Joseph did not retranslate the book of Lehi to replace the lost manuscript but instead translated other related accounts from the gold plates.” (Guide to the Scriptures, Lehi, Father of Nephi, The Scriptures, LDS.org)
The Words of Mormon Continued:
Verse (6) But behold, I shall take these plates, which contain these prophecying (sic) and revelations, and put them with the remainder of my record, for they are choice unto me; and I know they will be choice unto my brethren.
Verse (7) And I do this for a wise purpose; for thus it whispereth me, according to the workings of the Spirit of the Lord which is in me. And now, I do not know all things; but the Lord knoweth all things which are to come; wherefore, he worketh in me to do according to his will (Words of Mormon 1:6-7).
The chapter: “Words of Mormon” is one small chapter in the Book of Mormon, half of which is devoted to explaining that the prophet Mormon found the plates of Nephi and inserted those plates in with the rest of the record.
Members of the jury, what is written here is a diversion. Con artists often attempt to justify their defense by adding information to point the focus of an investigation away from the subject in question. Don’t let this diversion fool you.
The First Translation:
Edward Stevenson related Martin Harris’s description of the Book of Mormon translation process:
“By aid of the seer stone, sentences would appear and were read by the Prophet and written by Martin, and when finished he would say, ‘Written,’ and if correctly written, that sentence would disappear, and another appear in its place, but if not written correctly, it remained until corrected, so that the translation was just as it was engraved on the plates, precisely in the language then used” (Martin Harris’s “statement to Edward Stevenson,” Millennial Star, February 6, 1882, p.86-87).
Not only did Harris never actually see the plates while Smith had possession of them, he also did not see the sentences on the stone that were supposedly appearing and disappearing before Smith’s eyes. Martin Harris took dictation from Joseph Smith while sitting on the opposite side of a suspended blanket.
Smith had told Harris that it would,
“… arouse the most terrible divine displeasure,”
if he should attempt to draw near the sacred chest, or look at Smith while he was engaged in the work of deciphering the mysterious characters. The defendant Joseph Smith painted himself as a man behind a curtain with something to hide.
The 116 pages of the early Book of Mormon manuscript were never found. Lucy Harris probably burned them. Because of all the mistrust that Smith and Harris suffered during that time, Smith was looking for a new scribe. A distant relative of the Smith family, Oliver Cowdery came to his aid; together they finished the manuscript.
Oliver Cowdery Takes Over as Scribe:
The Second Translation:
Accounts of the translation process between the lost work and the manuscript that became the 1830 Book of Mormon are almost identical:
“Joseph Smith would put the seer stone into a hat and put his face in the hat, drawing it closely around his face to exclude the light. And in the darkness the spiritual light would shine. A piece of something resembling parchment would appear, and on that appeared the writing. One character at a time would appear and under it was the interpretation in English. Brother Joseph would read off the English to Oliver Cowdery, who was his principal scribe. And when it was written down and repeated to Brother Joseph to see if it was correct, then it would disappear, and another character with the interpretation would appear. Thus the Book of Mormon was translated by the gift and power of God and not by any power of man. The characters I speak of are the engravings on the golden plates from which the book was translated.” (Address to All Believers In Christ, David Whitmer, 1887, p. 11; republished in Ensign 1977, September, By the Gift and Power of God, p. 79, Richard Lloyd Anderson)
David Whitmer is one of the Book of Mormon’s Three Witnesses; his statement about the Book of Mormon translation is given much credence by none other than Richard Lloyd Anderson: Professor of Church History and Doctrine at Brigham Young University.
Whitmer’s statement spelled out a foolproof method to ensure a perfect translation of the original 1830 Book of Mormon — one character at a time.
Also, consider the catchphrase used in Whitmer’s testimony,
“Thus the Book of Mormon was translated by the gift and power of God and not by any power of man.”
That sounds like it came right out of the defendant’s mouth, because that saying closely resembles Smith’s prepared statement, which the three witnesses signed:
“And we also testify that we have seen the engravings which are upon the plates; and they have been shown unto us by the power of God, and not of man.”
It also resembles a statement that Smith included in the first edition of the Book of Mormon:
“… I would inform you that I translated, by the gift and power of God, and caused to be written, one hundred and sixteen pages, the which I took from the Book of Lehi…” (Preface to the 1830 Book of Mormon)
If Smith was an illusionist then these statements were part of his trickery. If he was a con-man, then they were part of his confidence game. If what Smith was selling was imaginary, then there would be no substance to what he was saying.
Counsel, tell the jury what you are demonstrating.
I am demonstrating that the Book of Mormon is a fabricated work.
Witness for the Defense:
After the relationship between Joseph Smith and Martin Harris was restored, Martin once again became obedient to revelations given through the Prophet:
Doctrine and Covenants Section 5 Continued:
Verse (26) And I the Lord command him, my servant Martin Harris, that he shall say no more unto them concerning these things, except he shall say: I have seen them, and they have been shown unto me by the power of God; and these are the words which he shall say.
Verse (27) But if he deny this he will break the covenant which he has before covenanted with me, and behold, he is condemned (Doctrine and Covenants 5:1, 26-27).
When Harris heard the words of the Lord, spoken through the Prophet Joseph Smith, he did as instructed. He bore witness that he had been shown the plates:
“…they have been shewn unto us by the power of God, and not of man. And we declare with words of soberness, that an angel of God came down from heaven, and he brought and laid before our eyes, that we beheld and saw the plates …” (The Testimony of Three Witnesses)
● Leading the witness — Martin Harris was told exactly what to say.
● Unsubstantiated Evidence — Martin is led out into the woods, but instead of seeing the plates with his eyes, he sees them with a spiritual eye or, in other words, “by faith.” He could have had his natural eyes closed for all we know.
● Making a False Statement — nowhere in the Testimony of Three Witnesses is it explained that the witness, Martin Harris, only saw the plates with a spiritual eye. In fact, the Testimony of Three Witnesses clearly records:
“…an angel of God came down from heaven, and he brought and laid before our eyes, that we beheld and saw the plates …”
This comes about as close to perjury as one can get!
● Coercion — Martin was told that if he did not say, “I have seen them” (the plates), then he would have broken a covenant with the Lord and he would be condemned. The rules of evidence do not allow testimony gathered under the threat of divine condemnation.
Note of Caution:
Judge to defense attorney:
“If the defense continues to submit testimony obtained by intimidation, you will leave this court no choice, but to order an official reprimand. Consider yourself warned.”
(By introducing that testimony the defense has opened up an opportunity for the prosecution to present corroborating evidence demonstrating that the defendant has a history of threatening Martin Harris with God’s wrath).
Attorney for the prosecution:
I would like to introduce Section 104 of the Doctrine and Covenants at this time:
You may do so.
Members of the jury:
The defendant, speaking as God’s mouthpiece and threatening people with hellfire, is the ultimate intimidation tactic. Martin Harris was pressured to do or say exactly what came forth from the defendant’s mouth, even to the point of giving the defendant control over his money.
Yet, it’s so easy to see through Joseph Smith’s confidence game:
God, allegedly speaking through Smith, said that when Martin is shown the plates, the event will convince Martin that the defendant has,
“… got the plates …”
Yet, according to the Testimony of Three Witnesses, an angel that came down from heaven showed Martin the plates; not the defendant!
Obviously, if the defendant had the plates, there would be no need for an angel to come from heaven to show them to Martin! To the contrary; the story of an angel showing the plates to Martin established that Joseph Smith Jun. did not have the plates.
To make matters worse, in the introduction to the Doctrine and Covenants Section 17, it is written,
“By faith the Three Witnesses shall see the plates and other sacred items …”
Doctrine and Covenants Section 17 Continued:
Verse (5) And ye shall testify that you have seen them, even as my servant Joseph Smith, Jun., has seen them; for it is by my power that he has seen them, and it is because he had faith.
For the record, the witnesses were to see the plates and other items,
“… even as … Joseph Smith, Jun., has seen them; for it is by my [God’s] power that he has seen them, and it is because he had faith.” (D&C 17:5)
(This revelation is a bombshell for the defense. Basically eliminating any tangible nature of the plates, and putting them into a spiritual state of existence; one in which faith and God’s power are needed to see them).
“… the prophet had always given out that they [the plates] could not be seen by the carnal eye, but must be spiritually discerned; that the power to see them depended upon faith …” (Thomas Ford, A History of Illinois, from Its Commencement as a State in 1818 to 1847, Chicago: S. C. Griggs and Co., 1854, 256-258)
Doctrine and Covenants Section 17 Continued:
Verse (3) And after that you have obtained faith, and have seen them [the golden plates] with your eyes, you shall testify of them, by the power of God;
Verse (4) And this you shall do that my servant Joseph Smith, Jun., may not be destroyed, that I may bring about my righteous purposes unto the children of men in this work.
Members of the jury, the defendant acting as the mouthpiece of God, insisted:
“… this you shall do …”
this is a textbook example of leading the witnesses.
God also supposedly told the witnesses why He was asking them to testify:
“[So His servant] Joseph Smith, Jun., may not be destroyed …”
Those words are nothing less than coercion:
Compelling a party to act in an involuntary manner by use of threats, including propaganda or force. (Coercion, Wikipedia)
On that summer day in 1829, when the defendant walked Oliver Cowdery, David Whitmer and Martin Harris into the woods near the Whitmer home to see the golden plates, surely they were compelled to follow the commandments of God. There is no doubt that they tried to see the plates. But did they end up seeing the plates with their natural eyes?
No! Not according to Mormon leader Stephen Burnett, who left the LDS Church after hearing,
“… Martin Harris state in public that he never saw the plates with his natural eyes only in vision or imagination, neither [did] Oliver nor David” (Stephen Burnett letter to Lyman E. Johnson dated April 15, 1838).
It’s so easy to see through the duplicity. God was not the one who couldn’t keep His story straight, it was the defendant.
Witness for the defense:
If the court will allow it, I would like to submit the following witness testimony.
You may proceed.
The Testimony of Eight Witnesses is a prepared statement written by none other than the defendant himself, in it, Joseph Smith used some of the same language found in his earlier three witnesses statement:
“… Smith has ‘got the plates‘ … “
However, according to the defendant’s mother, Joseph Smith did not have the plates in his possession for this new group of witnesses to examine:
“… Joseph had been instructed that the plates would be carried thither by one of the ancient Nephites.” (Lucy Smith, Biographical Sketches, p. 140)
Lucy Smith is no doubt conveying what her son Joseph told her. And, she evidently bought into the story of one of ancient Nephites from the Book of Mormon, who is now an angel, bringing the golden plates for the eight witnesses to see.
The question before the court:
Is this a believable story?
Lucy went on to say:
“After these witnesses returned to the house, the angel again made his appearance to Joseph, at which time Joseph delivered up the plates into the angel’s hands.” (Lucy Smith, Biographical Sketches, p. 141)
One this subject, renowned LDS scholar Richard Bushman said:
“This, then, is the historical difficulty of the plates. Accounts of hiding the plates, wrapping the plates with cloth, showing the plates and translating from the plates become nothing more than one long attempt at fraud and make everything else Joseph Smith did doubtful. ‘Like a beggar claiming to have a diamond that he allows nobody to see’ … ” (Book of Mormon Archaeological Forum’s Conference, Oct. 23, 2010)
If having an angel showing people the golden plates isn’t enough proof that something is wrong with The Testimony of Eight Witnesses, four words jump right off the page:
“And we lie not …”
It’s common knowledge that when people try to convince others they are not lying, they probably are lying.
Now, let’s consider how Joseph Smith prepared these new witnesses. Were they manipulated like Martin Harris was? Did they too sign a statement that did not resemble what actually took place?
There is every indication that Joseph Smith used the same type of confidence game with this new group of witnesses that he had used on his earlier witnesses.
John Whitmer later claimed,
“I now say, I handled those plates; there were fine engravings on both sides. … they were shown to me by a supernatural power.” (History of the Church, Vol. 3, p. 307)
“I now say …”
indicate that Whitmer changed or added to his earlier testimony, yet, the most glaring problem is Whitmer’s assertion that by,
“a supernatural power”
he was shown the plates. If John Whitmer handled the plates as claimed, did he merely handle the plates while in a visionary state of mind; or, in his imagination?
On this subject Brigham Young, the Second “Prophet, Seer, and Revelator” of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints said:
“Some of the witnesses of the Book of Mormon, who handled the plates and conversed with the angels of God, were afterwards left to doubt and to disbelieve that they had ever seen an angel. One of the Quorum of the Twelve – a young man full of faith and good works, prayed, and the vision of his mind was opened, and the angel of God came and laid the plates before him, and he saw and handled them, and saw the angel, and conversed with him as he would with one of his friends; but after all this, he was left to doubt, and plunged into apostacy, (sic) and has continued to contend against this work. There are hundreds in a similar condition.” (Brigham Young, JOD: vol. 7 p. 164, June 5, 1859)
One thing is certain: the same inconsistencies found in The Testimony of Three Witnesses are found in ‘he Testimony of Eight Witnesses. These testimonies fall short of the standards of proof expected from sound evidence.
(Just because, as in this case, the burden of proof rests on the prosecution, that doesn’t mean the court has to buy into every questionable statement that the defendant submits).
As a young man, Joseph Smith was influenced by the folk magic practiced among his family and prevalent in his day. Yet, Joseph Smith didn’t just practice folk magic, Joseph Smith was an imposter; he deceived people:
Claiming to have the ability to see treasure underground and charging people for such services is nothing less than a confidence game. Leading people into a field to witness an angel show them golden plates, by faith, is deception. And, insisting that people sign testimonies under threat of divine judgment is intimidating the witnesses; testimonies gathered under such intimidation should not be trusted.
Jurors, you are the sole judge of whether the testimonies in this case should be believed or not. While deliberating, please consider:
# 1. Were the testimonies consistent?
# 2. Were the testimonies supported by, or contradicted by other witness statements?
# 3. Has the prosecution proved its case beyond a reasonable doubt?
Now it is time to carefully weigh the evidence and determine if the charges against the defendant Joseph Smith will withstand reasonable doubt. If you determine that Joseph Smith is guilty of being an imposter, with the offence of making false statements to deceive people, then please move on to the sentencing phase.
“If Joseph Smith was a deceiver, who willfully attempted to mislead the people, then he should be exposed; his claims should be refuted, and his doctrines shown to be false …”(Doctrines of Salvation, Joseph Fielding Smith, 1954, vol. 1, p. 188)
Souls Crying Out For Justice:
Envision a young person putting their trust in Joseph Smith’s words only to find out years later that they had been deceived. Consider the anguish that victim is suffering. Then, multiply this scenario by the tens of thousands. How much sorrow do people need to go through before action is taken to end this cycle of pain?
To serve justice, the order of this court is to expose Joseph Smith as an imposter, by sending links to Joseph Smith’s Stone In a Hat Routine to individuals in need, and to all those who would like to know the truth.
Other articles of interest:
■ Joseph Smith Stone In Hat Routine — Rich Kelsey
■ Urim and Thummim of LDS Tradition — Rich Kelsey
■ First Vision of Joseph Smith — Rich Kelsey
 William D. Purple took notes at the trial and tells us, “In February, 1826, the sons of Mr. Stowell, … were greatly incensed against Smith, … saw that the youthful seer had unlimited control over the illusions of their sire…” Francis Kirkham, A New Witness for Christ in America: The Book of Mormon, 2 vols., (Salt Lake City: Utah Printing, 1959 , 1:479. ASIN B000HMY138)
 “… some very officious person complained of him as a disorderly person, and brought him before the authorities of the county…” (Messenger & Advocate, October, 1835, Oliver Cowdery, p. 201)
 (CHENANGO UNION, Vol. 30, Norwich, N. Y., Thursday, May 2, 1877, No. 33, Joseph Smith The Originator of Mormonism, Historical Reminiscences of the town of Afton, BY W. D. PURPLE)
 “The Fraser’s and Purple accounts of Josiah Stowell’s testimony do not entirely agree. While both have Stowell testifying that he believed in Joseph’s divining powers, Purple has Stowell saying Joseph could see treasures fifty feet underground, a statement which brought a direct challenge from Justice Neely. Stowell stuck to his story, however, and said he not only believed it but knew it. Both accounts give Jonathan Thompson as the last witness but with widely differing and contradictory versions of his testimony. Fraser’s has Thompson relating how he, a man named Yeomans, and Joseph Smith went out at night and began digging, after Joseph told them the exact position of a treasure chest. They dug several feet and struck something with their shovel, after which Joseph looked into his glass and became frightened, seeing there an Indian who had buried the treasure and then killed his friend and buried him to guard it. Thompson said he believed that Joseph could divine such things with his stone and recounted how the chest, which was enchanted, kept settling away from them as they dug.
In the Purple version of Thompson, Joseph Smith told Stowell that a band of robbers had buried a treasure and placed a charm over it, which could only be removed by fasting and prayer. They dug for the treasure to a depth of five feet but decided they lacked sufficient faith to secure it. They offered the blood of a lamb as propitiation, but the treasure continued to recede from their reach.” (Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties by Marvin S. Hill, BYU Studies Vol. 12, Winter ’72, p. 223-234)
 (CHENANGO UNION, Vol. 30, Norwich, N. Y., Thursday, May 2, 1877, No. 33, Joseph Smith The Originator of Mormonism, Historical Reminiscences of the town of Afton, BY W. D. PURPLE)
 “By 1825 Joseph’s fame as a ‘peeper’ was wide spread. Josiah Stoal came from Chenango County to get Joseph’s assistance in digging for a silver mine…” (The Founder of Mormonism, Woodbridge Riley, Dodd, Mead & Co., 1903, p.189)
 “… much speculation has existed, concerning a pretended discovery, through superhuman means, of an ancient record, of a religious and a divine nature and origin, written in ancient characters, impossible to be interpreted by any to whom the special gift has not been imparted by inspiration. It is generally known and spoken of as the ‘Golden Bible.’” (Wayne Sentinel, June 26, 1829)
 Thompson went on to say, “Mr. Stowell went to his flock and selected a fine vigorous lamb, and resolved to sacrifice it to the demon spirit who guarded the coveted treasure. … Smith, with a lantern in one hand to dispel the midnight darkness… making a circuit around the spot, sprinkling the flowing blood from the lamb upon the ground, as a propitiation to the spirit that thwarted them… but the treasure still receded from their grasp, and it was never obtained.” (Dr. William Purple’s account of the 1826 trial — Greene, April 28, 1877)
 Owing to the many reports which have been put in circulation by evil-disposed and designing persons, in relation to the rise and progress of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, all of which have been designed by the authors thereof to militate against its character as a Church and its progress in the world—I (Joseph Smith) have been induced to write this history, to disabuse the public mind, and put all inquirers after truth in possession of the facts, as they have transpired, in relation both to myself and the Church, so far as I have such facts in my possession. (History of the Church, Vol. 1, Chapter 1:1)
 “Joseph clung to this seer stone the rest of his life, even after his first employment of it had become a memory to be curtained off by his will, and as late as 1841 he exhibited it to some of his followers. ‘Every man who lived on the earth,’ Joseph said to them, ‘was entitled to a seer stone, and should have one, but they are kept from them in consequence of their wickedness, and most of those who do find one make evil use of it.’ The persistence of peepstones among the early Saints, and also this view of them, was attested by Priddy Meeks, who has explained that ‘seer stones, or peepstones, as they are more commonly called” were the connecting link between the visible and the invisible worlds.’” (Dale Morgan on Early Mormonism: Correspondence and a New History, John Phillip Walker, Editor, Chapter 2, A Stone in a Hat)
 “In writing for your father I frequently wrote day after day, often sitting at the table close by him, he sitting with his face buried in his hat, with the stone in it, and dictating hour after hour with nothing between us.” (History of the RLDS Church, 8 vols. Independence, Missouri: Herald House, 1951. Last Testimony of Sister Emma, 3:356)
 “Revelation given to Joseph Smith the Prophet and Oliver Cowdery, at Harmony, Pennsylvania, April 1829, when they inquired through the Urim and Thummim as to whether John, the beloved disciple, tarried in the flesh or had died. The revelation is a translated version of the record made on parchment by John and hidden up by himself. HC 1: 35–36.” (THE DOCTRINE AND COVENANTS OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS, SECTION 7 — INTRODUCTION)
 “Behold, they have sought to destroy you, yea, even the man in whom you have trusted, has sought to destroy you…,” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 27) Also, speaking of Martin Harris “…a wicked man. Who has set at naught the counsels of God, and has broken the most sacred promises which were made before God, and has depended upon his own judgment and boasted in his own wisdom.” (D&C 3:12-13)
 “…Joseph arose from his knees, and approaching Martin Harris with a solemnity that thrills through my veins to this day, when it occurs to my recollection, said, ‘Martin Harris, you have got to humble yourself before your God this day, that you may obtain a forgiveness of your sins. If you do, it is the will of God that you should look upon the plates, in company with Oliver Cowdery and David Whitmer.’
In a few minutes after this, Joseph, Martin, Oliver, and David, repaired to a grove, a short distance from the house, where they commenced calling upon the Lord, and continued in earnest supplication, until he permitted an angel to come down from his presence, and declare to them, that all which Joseph had testified of concerning the plates was true.
When they returned to the house, it was between three and four o’clock P.M. Mrs. Whitmer, Mr. Smith, and myself, were sitting in a bedroom at the time. On coming in, Joseph threw himself down beside me, and exclaimed, ‘Father, mother, you do not know how happy I am; the Lord has now caused the plates to be shown to three more besides myself. They have seen an angel, who has testified to them, and they will have to bear witness to the truth of what I have said, for now they know for themselves, that I do not go about to deceive the people…’” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 31)
 Verse (26) “And again, I command thee that thou shalt not covet thine own property, but impart it freely to the printing of the Book of Mormon, which contains the truth and the word of God— “
Introduction to Doctrine and Covenants Section 19: “In his history the Prophet introduced it as ‘a commandment of God and not of man, to Martin Harris, given by him who is Eternal.’” Verse (35) “Pay the debt thou hast contracted with the printer. Release thyself from bondage.” (Doctrine and Covenants 19:26 and 35)
 “…Most of our readers have probably heard of the Golden Bible, which it is asserted was found not long since, in some part of Ontario county. Some of the circumstances attending the remarkable discovery of this truly remarkable work, may not be uninteresting to some of our readers, as they serve to show how easily ignorance and superstition are made to support whatever doctrines may be advanced — no matter how revolting they may appear in the light of reason. An angel appeared to an ignorant man near Palmyra and directed him to dig at a designated place, with a promise that he would there find a new revelation engraved on plates of metal. The man obeyed the messenger, and on digging, soon discovered an oblong box tightly cemented together. Upon opening this, he found enclosed a bundle of plates similar to gold, about 7 inches long, 6 broad, and all about 6 inches deep each sheet being of about the thickness of tin. They were united at one edge with 3 silver wires, so that they opened in a manner similar to a book.” (AUBURN FREE PRESS, Vol. VII. Auburn, N. Y., Wednesday, December 8, 1830. No. 28)
 I would also inform you that the plates of which hath been spoken, were found in the township of Manchester, Ontario county, New-York. (Preface, 1830 Book of Mormon)
 “It is possible that this neighbor was Emma’s mother, Elizabeth Hale, who ran “an inn or tavern” and whose house was near the one that Joseph and Emma occupied on land they had purchased from Isaac Hale” (Newell and Avery, 3).
 “When she returned home, being about two weeks after her arrival in Harmony, the place where Joseph resided, she endeavoured to dissuade her husband from taking any further part in the publication of the Record; however, Mr. Harris paid no attention to her, but returned and continued writing.” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 24)
 “This was Harris’s own account of the matter to me. What other measures they afterwards took to transcribe or translate from these metallic plates, I cannot say… In addition to the facts with which I myself was conversant in 1827 and 1828, connected with the rise of Mormonism…”, (Gleanings by the Way, 1842, W.J. & J.K. Simon, pp. 222ff) [Microfilm copy]
 “When it was became necessary for Martin to return home ) remained with my son and wrote dilligently untill he had transcribed nearly 116 pages of the record when it <then> became necessary for him to return home—he now began to requested Joseph to permit him to look upon the plates for he desired a further witness that of their work <actual existance and> that he might be better able to give a reason for the hope that was within <him> of seeing great things come to pass in the last days—“ (Lucy Smith History: First Draft Biographical Sketches, chapter 25, verse 1).
 “By the middle of June, 1828, Martin had covered 116 pages of foolscap with text from the golden plates, and yet uncertainty still beset him.” (Joseph Smith and the beginnings of Mormonism, Richard L. Bushman, 1988, P. 90)
 “Joseph Smith, the Prophet and Seer of the Lord, has done more, save Jesus only, for the salvation of men in this world, than any other man that ever lived in it. In the short space of twenty years, he has brought forth the Book of Mormon, which he translated by the gift and power of God…” (Doctrine and Covenants 135:3)
 “Yet uncertainty still beset Harris.” (Joseph Smith: Rough Stone Rolling, Richard L. Bushman, New York, Alfred A. Knopf, 2005, p.66)
 “When she returned home, being about two weeks after her arrival in Harmony, the place where Joseph resided, she endeavoured to dissuade her husband from taking any further part in the publication of the Record; however, Mr. Harris paid no attention to her, but returned and continued writing.” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 24)
 “Mr. Martin Harris, who was employed as Mr. Smith’s scribe at the beginning of the translation, had written out with his own hand 116 pages of manuscript. By long and persistent coaxing, and the most faithful promises of secrecy, he secured Mr. Smith’s permission to carry said manuscript to his own house for his wife’s inspection—a woman who is accredited with a very irascible temper. Before the precious treasure was returned to its owner, a sad domestic quarrel so thoroughly provoked Mrs. Harris, that in an evil hour she put said manuscript forever out of the way. The general belief was that she burned it.” (The Stolen Manuscript: The lost 116 Pages of the Book of Mormon; Excerpt from The Golden Bible by Rev. M. T. Lamb, 1887, p. 118)
 “…for behold you should not have feared man more than God…” (Lucy Smith History – First Draft / Biographical Sketches, chapter 27)
 (Martin Harris) “…has whipped his wife and beaten her so cruelly and frequently, that she was obliged to seek refuge in separation. He is considered here, to this day, a brute in his domestic relations, a fool and dupe to Smith in religion, and an unlearned, conceited hypocrite…” (Statement from Jesse Townsend, pastor of Palmyra’s Western Presbyterian Church, 1817-20, and at nearby Sodus, 1827-31, Vogel 3:23)
 “…and that she was compelled to deposit a few things away from home in order to secure them. So she carried away her furniture, linen, and bedding; also other moveable articles, until she nearly stripped the premises of every thing that could conduce either to comfort or convenience, depositing them with those of her friends and acquaintances, in whom she reposed sufficient confidence to assure her of their future safety.”(Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 24)
 “…his wife’s anger kindled afresh at his presence, insomuch that she prepared a separate bed and room for him, which room she refused to enter.” (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 24)
 In the 1872 Palmyra Courier, James H. Reeves published , ”He (Martin) vowed that he would not allow her in his room and she declared she would never trouble him on that score. So determined were they in occupying separate apartments, that both expressed themselves to the hired man, that if he ever knew of their occupying the same sleeping room, they would give him their best cow.” (Vogel 2:343).
 “…Martin laid it aside (The 116 pages) and went with Mrs H to visit a relative of her’s who lived [blank] miles distant and as his wife declined returning with him he left her with her friends and went home alone — shortly after he got there a very particular friend made him a visit to whom he related all he knew concerning the record The man’s curiosity was much excited and he earnestly desired to see the transcript Martin was anxious to gratify his friend although it was contrary to his obligation. but when he went to seek for it he found that key could not be found but he soon resolved to carry his design into execution and to do this he picked the lock and in so doing he injured his lady’s beaureau considerably”(Lucy Smith History First Draft / Biographical Sketches).
 “…when Mrs Harris returned and beheld the marred and injured state of her beaureau her irracible temper knew no bounds and an intolerable storm ensued throughout the house which descended with greatest force upon the head of the devoted husband” (Lucy Smith History First Draft / Biographical Sketches).
 (MORMONISM, AN EXPOSURE OF THE IMPOSITIONS. ADOPTED BY THE SECT CALLED “THE LATTER-DAY SAINTS” – pamphlet by the Rev. F.B. Ashley, UK, 1851, pp. 12-13)
 (Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 26)
 TO THE READER—
As many false reports have been circulated respecting the following work, and also many unlawful measures taken by the evil designing persons to destroy me, and also the work, I would inform you that I translated, by the gift and power of God, and caused to be written, one hundred and sixteen pages, the which I took from the Book of Lehi, which was an account abridged from the plates of Lehi, by the hand of Mormon; which said account, some person or persons have stolen and kept from me, notwithstanding my utmost exertions to recover it again—and being commanded of the Lord that I should not translate the same over again, for Satan had put it into their hearts to tempt the Lord their God, by altering the words, that they did read contrary from that which I translated and caused to be written; and if I should bring forth the same words again, or, in other words, if I should translate the same over again, they would publish that which they had stolen, and Satan would stir up the hearts of this generation, that they might not receive this work: but behold, the Lord said unto me, I will not suffer that Satan shall accomplish his evil design in this thing: therefore thou shalt translate from the plates of Nephi, until ye come to that which ye have translated, which ye have retained; and behold ye shall publish it as the record of Nephi …” (Preface to the 1830 Book of Mormon)
 “Between April 12 and June 14, 1828, the two of them completed 116 pages of manuscript. At this point, Harris, who suffered from his wife’s doubts about the existence of the plates, asked permission to show the manuscript to her and four other family members.” (Church History 1820 – 1831, Background Founding New York Period; light planet on-line article)
 (Doctrine and Covenants 10:7 and 10; also, Lucy Smith: Biographical Sketches, 1853 edition, Cory/Pratt, chapter 27)
• “For he [the Devil] hath put into their hearts to do this, that by lying they may say they have caught you in the words which you have pretended to translate.” (Doctrine and Covenants 10:13)
• “For, behold, they shall not accomplish their evil designs in lying against those words. For, behold, if you should bring forth the same words they will say that you have lied and that you have pretended to translate, but that you have contradicted yourself.” (Doctrine and Covenants 10:31)
(Verse) 32 And, behold, they will publish this, and Satan will harden the hearts of the people to stir them up to anger against you, that they will not believe my words.
(Verse) 33 Thus Satan thinketh to overpower your testimony in this generation, that the work may not come forth in this generation.
(Verse) 34 But behold, here is wisdom, and because I show unto you wisdom, and give you commandments concerning these things, what you shall do, show it not unto the world until you have accomplished the work of translation.
(Verse) 35 Marvel not that I said unto you: Here is wisdom, show it not unto the world—for I said, show it not unto the world, that you may be preserved.
(Verse) 36 Behold, I do not say that you shall not show it unto the righteous;
(Verse) 37 But as you cannot always judge the righteous, or as you cannot always tell the wicked from the righteous, therefore I say unto you, hold your peace until I shall see fit to make all things known unto the world concerning the matter.
(Verse) 38 And now, verily I say unto you, that an account of those things that you have written, which have gone out of your hands, is engraven upon the plates of Nephi;
(Verse) 39 Yea, and you remember it was said in those writings that a more particular account was given of these things upon the plates of Nephi.
(Verse) 40 And now, because the account which is engraven upon the plates of Nephi is more particular concerning the things which, in my wisdom, I would bring to the knowledge of the people in this account.
(Verse) 41 Therefore, you shall translate the engravings which are on the plates of Nephi, down even till you come to the reign of king Benjamin, or until you come to that which you have translated, which you have retained … ” (Doctrine and Covenants 10:32-41)
 “Again, he told me, that when I got those plates of which he had spoken—for the time that they should be obtained was not yet fulfilled—I should not show them to any person; neither the breastplate with the Urim and Thummim; only to those to whom I should be commanded to show them; if I did I should be destroyed” (History of the Church Volume One, 1:42).
 “When Bill McKeever visited the restored Peter Whitmer cabin at Fayette (NY) in April of 1990, a curtain was hanging between two tables where the translation supposedly took place. In the adjacent visitor’s center a painting of Smith “translating” the plates also showed a curtain separating Smith and his scribe. Page 29 of the book, Meet the Mormons (1965 ed.), also shows a curtain separating Smith from his scribe Oliver Cowdery.” (A Seer Stone and a Hat – “Translating” the Book of Mormon, by Bill McKeever and Eric Johnson)
 “The way that Smith made his transcripts and translations for Harris was the following: Although in the same room, a thick curtain or blanket was suspended between them, and Smith concealed behind the blanket, pretended to look through his spectacles, or transparent stones, and would then write down or repeat what he saw, which, when repeated aloud, was written down by Harris, who sat on the other side of the suspended blanket.” (Account of Martin Harris given to the Rev. John A. Clark, as related in his 1842 book, Gleanings by the Way, W.J. & J.K. Simon, pp. 222ff). [Microfilm copy]
 “Harris was told that it would arouse the most terrible divine displeasure, if he should attempt to draw near the sacred chest, or look at Smith while engaged in the work of decyphering (sic) the mysterious characters.” (1827 — Account of Martin Harris given to the Rev. John A. Clark, as related in his 1842 book Gleanings by the Way, W.J. & J.K. Simon, pp. 222ff). [Microfilm copy]
 “The most widespread rumor was that Harris’ wife, irritated at having earlier been denied a glimpse of the ancient plates, had removed the manuscript translation from Martin’s unlocked bureau and burned it. Not long afterward, she and Martin separated.” (Encyclopedia of Mormonism, Manuscript Lost 116 Pages, Macmillan 1992).
 THE TESTIMONY OF THREE WITNESSES
Be it known unto all nations, kindreds, tongues, and people, unto whom this work shall come: That we, through the grace of God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, have seen the plates which contain this record, which is a record of the people of Nephi, and also of the Lamanites, their brethren, and also of the people of Jared, who came from the tower of which hath been spoken. And we also know that they have been translated by the gift and power of God, for his voice hath declared it unto us; wherefore we know of a surety that the work is true. And we also testify that we have seen the engravings which are upon the plates; and they have been shown unto us by the power of God, and not of man. And we declare with words of soberness, that an angel of God came down from heaven, and he brought and laid before our eyes, that we beheld and saw the plates, and the engravings thereon; and we know that it is by the grace of God the Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, that we beheld and bear record that these things are true. And it is marvelous in our eyes. Nevertheless, the voice of the Lord commanded us that we should bear record of it; wherefore, to be obedient unto the commandments of God, we bear testimony of these things. And we know that if we are faithful in Christ, we shall rid our garments of the blood of all men, and be found spotless before the judgment-seat of Christ, and shall dwell with him eternally in the heavens. And the honor be to the Father, and to the Son, and to the Holy Ghost, which is one God. Amen.
 Statement from John H. Gilbert, the man who did most of the typesetting for the original 1830 Book of Mormon:
“Martin was in the office when I finished setting up the testimony of the three witnesses,–(Harris–Cowdery and Whitmer) I said to him,–‘Martin, did you see those plates with your naked eyes?’ Martin looked down for an instant, raised his eyes up, and said, ‘No, I saw them with a spiritual eye.
 THE DOCTRINE AND COVENANTS OF THE CHURCH OF JESUS CHRIST OF LATTER-DAY SAINTS
“The Prophet inquired of the Lord, and this revelation was given in answer, through the Urim and Thummim. 1 – 4, By faith the Three Witnesses shall see the plates and other sacred items …”
 “And now, behold, this shall you say unto him—he who spake unto you, said unto you: I, the Lord, am God, and have given these things unto you, my servant Joseph Smith, Jun., and have commanded you that you should stand as a witness of these things;” (Doctrine and Covenants 5:2)
 Verse (1) Behold, I say unto you, that as my servant Martin Harris has desired a witness at my hand, that you, my servant Joseph Smith, Jun., have got the plates of which you have testified and borne record that you have received of me; (D&C 5:1)
 “The following techniques to telling if someone is lying are often used by police, and security experts:
A person who is lying to you will avoid making eye contact. If they won’t look you in the eye’s or if they look you in the eye’s while saying ‘I’m looking you in the eye’s, so I’m not lying.’ They are probably lying … The guilty person may speak more than natural, adding unnecessary details to convince you…” (Detecting Lies: 10 Subtle Signs of Lying)
 “It is related that the prophet’s early followers were anxious to see the plates; the prophet had always given out that they could not be seen by the carnal eye, but must be spiritually discerned; that the power to see them depended upon faith, and was the gift of God, to be obtained by fasting, prayer, mortification of the flesh, and exercises of the spirit; that so soon as he could see the evidences of a strong and lively faith in any of his followers, they should be gratified in their holy curiosity. He set them to continual prayer, and other spiritual exercises, to acquire this lively faith by means of which the hidden things of God could be spiritually discerned; and at last, when he could delay them no longer, he assembled them in a room, and produced a box, which he said contained the precious treasure. The lid was opened; the witnesses peeped into it, but making no discovery, for the box was empty, they said, ‘Brother Joseph, we do not see the plates.’ The prophet answered them, ‘O ye of little faith! how long will God bear with this wicked and perverse generation? Down on your knees, brethren, every one of you, and pray God for the forgiveness of your sins, and for a holy and living faith which cometh down from heaven.’ The disciples dropped to their knees, and began to pray in the fervency of their spirit, supplicating God for more than two hours with fanatical earnestness; at the end of which time, looking again into the box, they were now persuaded that they saw the plates…” (Thomas Ford, A History of Illinois, from Its Commencement as a State in 1818 to 1847, Chicago: S. C. Griggs and Co., 1854, 256-58)
 In her History, Joseph’s mother: Lucy Mack Smith speaks of the family drawing “magic circles,” “abrac” — which is short for (abracadabra), and “sooth saying.” Magic circles are used to form a space of magical protection from the spirit the person is invoking. Here is the quote: “Let not the reader suppose that because I shall pursue another topic for a season that we stopt (sic) our labor and went at trying to win the faculty of Abrac drawing Magic circles or sooth saying to the neglect of all kinds of business.” (Rough Rolling Stone, Bushman, 2006, p.p. 50-51; quoted from, Biographical Sketches of Joseph Smith the Prophet and His Progenitors for Many Generations. Smith, Lucy Mack, Liverpool, England: S. W. Richards. 1853)